RIP Wayne Green: BYTE Founder Passes at 91, 1975 Original Editorial Here

We at aNewDomain owe Wayne Green and his then-wife Virginia Green a huge debt. Green founded BYTE in 1975. Read his first editorial here., founded by Gina Smith, John C. Dvorak, Jerry Pournelle and much of the 2011 edit team behind an ill-fated attempt to relaunch the property, hopes to continue its legacy. RIP Wayne Green. — I wouldn’t get to have this amazing job leading aNewDomain today if it weren’t for Wayne Green. Green, founder of BYTE and founder and popularizer of tech publishing as we know it, passed at the age of 91 this week. We at pay him deep tribute and send our greatest condolences to friends and family, of which he had many. This site was born of an ill-fated effort to relaunch the venerated property, BYTE. We remain inspired and in great debt to the deep-tech analysis and tech reporting style Wayne Green pioneered — and the example Green and his wife, Virginia Green, left us.

Scroll below the fold to read the full text of the editorial Wayne Green wrote for the first issue of BYTE in September 1975. An image of the cover is posted below.


Cover image supplied by staffers: Brian Burgess, via Peter Baer Galvin, teamBYTE 2011 launch editors.

When Wayne and his wife, Virginia, founded BYTE — subtitled “the small systems journal” — the idea of a personal computer was still a dream in Apple founder Steve Wozniak’s brain as that inventor labored at HP. The days of the personal computer had not yet begun.

Hobbyists were tinkering with kits like the Altair and others. But Wayne Green told me once he smelled change in the air. The day that personal computers would be available and affordable — even to those without the tech capability to put together a kit to make one — was soon at hand. And so, in an old Victorian mansion in the woods of New Hampshire, he and Virginia started BYTE.

Ever prescient, he wrote a beautiful introduction for his first-ever editorial column as publisher of BYTE — it appeared in the September 1975 inaugural issue. And would-be geeks everywhere were hooked. He nailed his editorial vision for the kind of content BYTE would offer and inevitably become famous for. Read it in full, in block quotes, below. Watch for updates from our staffers — and our legendary co-founder, Jerry Pournelle.

From the Publisher…

How BYTE Started

By Wayne Green
BYTE Issue #1 September 1975
Pages 9 and 96

Published on August 6, 1975.

Two series of events came together and triggered BYTE. One was the surprising response I received from the readers of 73 Magazine (amateur radio) every time I published an article involving computers. Being a curious person I decided to learn more about them, only to find my way blocked by formidable obstacles. The more I tried to dig into the subject the more I found that there was a need for information that was not being satisfied.The other event was the success of 73, with more subscriptions and advertising calling for some sort of computerization of the drudgery – the billing, record keeping, reader’s service, indexing, and such. I knew what I wanted done and had a good idea of what I had to spend to accomplish this, so I started talking to computer salesmen … only to find that I wasn’t even able to read their literature, much less have even a vague idea of what they were saying.Some deep well of obstinacy within me fought back and refused to let me throw a dart to pick out the computer system I needed. I felt that as a businessman running a good sized small business and as the editor and publisher of an electronics magazine, I damned well should be able to come to grips with the salesmen and pick out a computer system on some sort of rational basis. But the more I tried to get information, the more I realized that it was going to be very hard to get.Between my professional need to understand computers and my amateur interest in the subject I found myself subscribing to one newsletter after another .. . talking at exhaustive length with computer savvy 73 readers … reading books … and wearing computer salesmen out. I discovered an interesting thing – few of the hardware chaps could talk software – and vice versa. Further, neither could talk much about applications.There ought to be a magazine covering the whole thing, thought I. A magazine which would help the neophite to grapple with programming languages . . . would permit the beginner to build microcomputers and peripherals … would provide a dialog for the more sophisticated to communicate as well. How about a publication which would cover all aspects of small computer systems?As the computer hobby newsletters arrived I looked them over. Some were very well done, some pretty juvenile. One chap was doing a splendid job … designing his own hardware … developing software . . . plus writing and publishing a monthly magazine on the subject just about single handed. This was Carl Helmers and his ECS Journal, which was in its fifth issue, having just started in January (this at the time being May). I got together with Carl and explained my idea and suggested that it was time to get a good professional magazine going in the field, one which would help computer hobbyists get the information they needed and which might thus encourage manufacturers to come out with more hardware for the growing body. (Carl Helmers wrote a letter to his friends at the Micro-8 newsletter tell them of this meeting. This excerpt is from the June 27, 1975 issue. From Jim Kearney’s collection.)Carl had been building up his circulation to ECS gradually, with it being about 300 in May. We figured to go all out and run off 1000 copies of the first issue of BYTE – make it a 24 pager. After talking the idea over with a couple of the manufacturers in the field it was obvious that we had been thinking too small. Okay, let’s make it 5000 copies. The first announcement of the project was made in Hotline, an amateur radio newsletter with a very small circulation. The reaction was immediate: subscriptions began to come in at a good clip.As mailing lists came in from manufacturers and as the word spread, the first issue print run was upped to 10,000 . . . then 25,000 . . . 35,000 … and finally 50,000 copies! As promises of ads came in there was a scramble to get enough articles to keep up with the ads. Ads are certainly of interest, but we didn’t want to publish an all advertising magazine.No apologies are needed for the articles in this first issue – between Carl’s contacts and mine we got things started. It would have been a lot easier if our original idea of a 1000 copy 24 page magazine (with maybe 30% ads) had come about. On the other hand, here is a great opportunity for all of you readers to get busy at your typewriter and pass along your particular area of expertise. The need for good articles is great … material for the rank beginners as well as the sophisticated computer designers . . . hardware … software … surplus conversions… applications.As we build a body of hobbyists, the market for reasonably priced equipment will be almost inexhaustible . . . microprocessors, video display units, keyboards, tape gear, discs, teletypes . . . endless list. MITS, RGS, Scelbi and Southwest Tech have a good start . . . are you going to let them make all the money?

Speaking of MITS et al, it didn’t take me long to get one of the Altair 8800s to see what I could do with it. I’m afraid I didn’t make it very far into the instruction book. I’ve got some more memory coming for it as well as their extended basic program and some I/O interfaces to hook onto a teletype or a VDT. I do have a VDT unit up and working … the Southwest Technical job which we got in kit form and which was assembled over a weekend on a card table, with a good deal of the work being done by my 12 year old daughter. And, believe it or not, the unit works! We all agree that it was a lot of fun to assemble and we’re glad we went the kit route … we wouldn’t have missed the fun. SWTPC sure did a fantastic job of getting that kit designed and produced.

Well, that’s how BYTE got started. Now it’s up to you . . . you can guide the magazine with your advice . . . with your articles . . . and with your support in getting more subscribers. We’ll do all we can to make the magazine accurate, have plenty of interesting ads, look nice and come out on time. None of this is easy, of course, but we’re in one of the nicest areas in the country – in southern New Hampshire – working in a 220 year old colonial mansion – and we have an efficient system where everything except printing and mailing of the magazine is done under the one roof. If you happen to find yourself wandering around a bit northwest of Boston, why please drop in and say hello. We’re very friendly and the atmosphere is unbelievably relaxed … except near press time.


Gina Smith is the New York Times best-selling author of Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak’s memoir, ” iWOZ: How I Invented the Personal Computer and Had Fun Doing It”. (W.W. Norton, 2005/2007/2012). With John C. Dvorak and Jerry Pournelle, she is editorial director at Email her at, check out her Google + stream here or follow her @ginasmith888.


  • Brian Burgess: The world has lost a true giant in the world of technology publishing. Wayne was a visionary who opened the gates tech media. All current publications owe a debt of gratitude to Wayne Green. Thank You.

  • anewdomain senior tech editor Eric Finkenbiner: “I remember flipping through some old editions of BYTE growing up and loving all the techy goodness I found on every page. I first heard Gina talking about the re-launch of BYTE on TWiT and I couldn’t keep it out of my mind. I must have visited the BYTE splash page half a dozen times before I got up the nerve to email Gina. I knew that the new BYTE team would be doing some awesome stuff and I needed to be a part of it. I thought that I could help out with the website or some other task in the background, however, Gina asked me to write. So I did. Today I’m still writing and podcasting about Linux, Android and all the other techie things that I love. If BYTE didn’t exist, I doubt I would have taken the leap. Wayne’s contributions to the tech community are immeasurable.”

  • Launching — relaunching — BYTE — even for the short time it was extant again — was a dream come true for me too, Jeremy. We found this amazing team. And even when BYTE went south, we kept the band together. Jerry Pournelle stuck with us, too. An honor to have you all — and such sad news re Wayne : (

  • From aNewDomain video director and writer Marc Klempf: I remember Wayne Green for his magazine CD review…A quirky periodical, run by a very quirky guy. Every issue had a free 60 minute cd of music by unsigned artists….who were unsigned for very sound reasons . Wayne himself was a certifiable health nut , conspiracy theorist, benign egomaniac and all around goofball who commandeered the last page of the magazine to pontificate on whatever was bugging him….which was everything. He despised rock music even though most of the reviews focused on rock artists. An old school bigger than life personality who will be missed.