aNewDomain.net — Our Mike Elgan takes a deep dive look at what’s wrong with the United States government today. The problem is money. The answer — let Silicon Valley buy Washington. Here’s how Mike Elgan arrives at that idea and how much better off he says Americans and the world would be if Washington were forced to follow a pro-innovation, pro-education, no-NSA-spying agenda.
The U.S. government is dysfunctional. But tossing the bums out and replacing them with new bums won’t fix anything. The main problem is that money buys influence. While the well-financed special interests are always on their game — and their checks never bounce — the voting public is AWOL, too preoccupied by bread and circuses to educate themselves or, say, vote.
I’ll say it again. The U.S. government is dysfunctional. But tossing the bums out and replacing them with new bums won’t fix anything.
One stunning example recently in the news: A report published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that 100 percent of the people involved in the approval of new food additives take money from the food additives industry in one form or another — either as employees, consultants or lawyers. The whole food additives system in the FDA is of the industry, by the industry and for the industry — the people and their interests have no place in the process at all.
A comparable set of mechanisms exists for the defense, medical, automobile, energy, education and other industries.
The money comes to decision makers in three main ways. First, campaign contributions by various industries and special interests make sure the “right people” get elected to Congress and the White House — people who are friendly toward the contributing companies and organizations. Once elected, politicians need to favor those organizations in every way they can.
The second way companies buy politicians is through the lobbying process. “We’d like to discuss some interesting policy ideas with you; why don’t you fly on our private jet to our private island in the Bahamas for two weeks so we can discuss it — and bring your staff and family.”
And the third way is guaranteed income after office. Any politicians who prove he or she is a “friend of the industry” is guaranteed a highly-lucrative position after retiring from politics. (That position is often a lobbyist position to recruit additional water-carriers.)
This imbalance between strong money on one side and a weak electorate on the other is the main reason why government is broken — why junk food is subsidized; why dangerous drugs are approved and radically over-prescribed; why the educational system is broken; why nobody went to jail for wrecking the economy in 2008; why a hammer costs $475 when the military buys it; and why the world’s only superpower can’t build a web site that works.
It also explains why the U.S. government screws Silicon Valley at every turn.
How the Government Harms Innovation
While national governments around the world are working hard to replicate the incredible engine of innovation that is Silicon Valley, the U.S. government is willing to suppress and hold back Silicon Valley and American innovation through misplaced priorities.
Here are five examples of how Washington’s dysfunctional system harms innovation.
1. Failing to fix the patent mess
There is almost universal agreement in this country that the American patent system strangles innovation. Economists, entrepreneurs, government — even the biggest Silicon Valley companies with the most patents — all agree that the system is antiquated, irrational and a huge barrier to innovation and progress.
One problem is that a great many innovative startups can’t get funding because the patent system leaves them exposed to lawsuits from patent trolls. Without funding, they wither and die and take their brilliant inventions with them.
Another is that software patents exist. If you want to invent a better mouse trap — say, one that’s smartphone-controlled like everything else these days — your invention is already dead in the water. No matter what methods, interfaces or technologies you use in the software on the mousetrap or in the app, they’ve probably already been patented by somebody with more lawyers than you who created a so-called “invention” based on a general description, such as “method for displaying any kind of button, switch on a computer screen or mobile display or any conceivable device that might show pretty lights,” etc. Sure, the likes of Apple or Google could litigate or buy their way out of this issue, but not the small inventor. Go back to flipping burgers, loser. You will not be the next Edison and the world will not get a better mouse trap, thanks to the federal government’s total failure on real patent reform.
2. The NSA fiasco
Edward Snowden revealed and continues to reveal the extent of the NSA’s surveillance capabilities, including a massive program to spy on foreigners active on U.S.-owned social networks and cloud services. As you can imagine, this has done wonders for Brand America in the global community, essentially driving cloud business abroad and providing the best reason ever for both businesses and consumers worldwide to avoid American technology products.
3. Pushing away job-creating, innovative entrepreneurs
Immigrants launch about half of the nation’s best startups. They come to the U.S., hire a bunch of Americans, employ American contractors and infrastructure providers, and more.
It’s a wonderful thing that Silicon Valley and other U.S.-tech hubs are able to attract some of the world’s best entrepreneurial and tech talent, right? But the government can’t have that. Our policy is: Let’s turn away many of them at the gates and send them abroad to create strong competitors for American businesses while saddling American companies with talent shortages.
Our national policy also forces the biggest employers of tech talent — Google, Microsoft and others — to set up R&D labs and engineering offices abroad, exporting American ideas and training so the foreign employees there can quit and create startups elsewhere, rather than in the U.S.
4. Failure to push fast Internet
The United States is a global laggard in terms of Internet connection speeds. But we’re No. 1 in the cost of Internet connections, according to reports from Xconomy and The Washington Post.
While speeds are higher and costs are lower in some countries due to healthy competition, most U.S. consumers and small businesses have a choice of only one or two providers.
Non-competition is so bad that Google is actually laying fiber in some cities, just to show how easy it would be to make the U.S. the most-competitive nation in the world. Google Fiber customers pay $70 per month for Internet speeds that are 50 times higher than before — fully 1Gbps. 50 times higher!
Goldman Sachs estimated last year that it would cost about $140 billion to lay Google Fiber-like connections to every home and business in America.
That’s an interesting number. It’s exactly the amount of money the Senate passed three years ago to help state budgets, help small businesses and stimulate the creation of “high-tech” jobs.
The wiring of the United States with universal 1Gbps would do far more than all the stimulus-approved projects during the entire recession. In Kansas City, which is the first to get Google Fiber connections, a startup boom is spontaneously taking place, turning it into a “startup Mecca.”
The installation of fiber should be considered today’s necessary equivalent to the formation of the Postal Service, universal telephone service and the creation of the national highway system. These are the kinds of grand infrastructure projects that helped make the U.S. an economic superpower.
Even when Congress ineptly tries to fix one or more of these problems, they end up causing more harm by creating yet another mountain of red tape for innovators to climb.
Congress ostensibly tried to fix some of these problems with the JOBS Act. But the new law will turn startup fundraising practices into “minefields” for startups, according to Mitch Kapor. Meanwhile, the benefits to startups in the Act have been “neutered” by new regulations, according to investor Fred Wilson.
That’s just one example. The fact is that the rules and costs for forming a company, hiring employees, raising money, bringing products to market and all the rest could and should be vastly more favorable for startups and entrepreneurs. But even when the government pretends to make this happen, the government’s many other priorities always screw the deal.
The Solution: Buy the Government
So money rules Washington. But guess what? Silicon Valley has way more money than most of the industries that currently control the U.S. government.
Campaign contributions and lobbying efforts in Washington are measured in millions. The biggest contributors typically pony up dozens of millions of dollars to get the policy outcomes they want.
OpenSecrets.org maintains a running list of total campaign contributions by the top donors. Even when you add up all contributions by the biggest spenders from 1989 to 2012, no individual company exceeds $100 million.
That’s lunch money for Silicon Valley.
I think that all the companies that benefit from innovation, privacy, job creation and the Internet should band together and flood Washington D.C. with more money than they’ve ever seen.
Increase total campaign spending by an order of magnitude — with 90 percent of the money going to innovation-friendly politicians.
Pack the Congress and White House with politicians subservient to the following innovation agenda:
* Re-write the patent laws from scratch and make them compatible with the digital age
* Shut down the NSA, put those responsible for shredding the 4th Amendment and spying on allied leaders into Guantanamo and build a replacement agency that’s constrained by the Constitution.
* Embrace a Canada-like immigration system whereby if an immigrant is a professional with needed skills, they’re E-Z-passed into residency and citizenship.
* Build Google Fiber-like infrastructure to every home and building in America.
* Create a regulatory system that’s super-favorable to startups and technology companies.
* Completely restructure the educational system to boost science, math and engineering and add software development as a core and required part of the curriculum.
And — why not? — increase NASA’s budget by an order of magnitude while we’re at it.
Everybody wants to keep influence money out of politics. But that’s about as likely as getting stupidity out of television or getting Apple product placements out of movies. It ain’t gonna happen.
So let’s go in the other direction. Silicon Valley and the technology industry is swimming in cash.
The technology sector should outspend all the others, buy the government and force through a pro-innovation, pro-education agenda.
For aNewDomain.net, I’m Mike Elgan.
Photo credit of original Uncle Sam poster: Wikimedia Commons
Based in Santa Barbara, Mike Elgan is a veteran tech journalist and tech culture columnist. He writes most-visibly and frequently at Computerworld, Datamation, Cult of Mac, Houzz, PC World, InfoWorld, MacWorld, CIO Magazine, The San Francisco Chronicle and The CMO Site. Now Mike is a senior commentator with us at aNewDomain.net. Follow Mike’s stream on Google+ and on Twitter @MikeElgan. The best way to reach him is via Google+. Email Mike here at aNewDomain at MikeE@aNewDomain.net.
Very funny idea weirdly close to being do-able. A real thought-provoker.
Of course, being a libertarian, I would separately go to the source of the problem: Reduce the power and scope of the federal government (and states too) which reduces the attractiveness of it for special interests. Lobbyists wouldn’t be working so hard to influence legislation if the government were severely restricted in the sweep of legislation it is empowered to pass, limited only to what the Constitution actually provides (narrowly defined). Power attracts money in an attempt to influence the use of that power (for offensive or for defensive reasons); one way to control that is to restrict the use of money and influence on the political process, but the power of government is so great that this never works in the long run — people *must* try to defend themselves, at least, or to compete thru politicians.
This was the fundamental insight of the Founders: The only way to guarantee the government will not abuse the freedoms of the people (no matter who is in power) is to strictly limit the *power* and authority of the government to abuse our freedoms.
Instead, we have spent the last 200 years trying to get the government to use its huge power to “do good,” defined by each of us in our own way. And look where that has gotten us!
Is this factual?
It’s on the internet. They can’t post things on the internet that aren’t true!
Its DWave material for sure.
At first I thought this was a joke, however, in a certain form, it may not be a bad idea.
Mr. Elgan seems somewhat Libertarian in his thoughts as well. Limiting the scope and influence of government seems to be the unifying theme with Mr. McCarthy. While I like the “idea” of limiting government through Constitutional means, it seems that the three branches of government have perverted the process to ensure that only money permits access. I do agree with Elgan that the electorate needs to be much more involved. In Oklahoma, where I live, there is no real ballot access if the candidate is not a member of either the Republican or Democratic parties. Just like creative businesses which are more than 2 in number, politics would benefit from more choice.
test — delete.
I am not so enamored of all the wonderful things Silicon Valley entrepreneurs bring us, but agree with Mike about the value of the infrastructure that supports them. However, I have to disagree with Mac about the role of government.
I think government has had significant success in three areas that are related to our field:
+ Basic research like the understanding of quantum mechanics that paved the way for the invention of the transistor and the laser
+ Audacious projects like the Apollo program, the Interstate Highway system or rural electrification — maybe one day a “Google Fiber” project
+ Developing proof-of-concept prototypes like the work of Doug Engelbart or the ARPANet.
Consider, for example, the government’s $124 million investment in wide-area networking that brought the Internet to the point where it could be turned over to private enterprise:
+ ARPANet ($25 million)
+ CSNet ($5 million)
+ NSFNet backbone ($57.9 million)
+ NSF US higher education connections ($30 million)
+ NSF international connections ($6 million)
Not a bad return on an investment.
(I could go on a rant over the subsequent handling of the Internet by those private enterprises, but let’s save that for another post).
[…] that Silicon Valley money should purchase the U.S. government and give it a reboot. Check out Mike Elgan’s piece — and also this piece from policymic.com on why Tesla CEO Elon Musk and Google should […]
I believe that Google should: Build Google Fiber-like infrastructure to every home and building in America. Just leave the government out of it.
I’m not certain that all the NSA does is bad, or that closing it wouldn’t cause us to suffer worse than keeping it open. That’s perhaps a debate for another discussion. While I’m no fan of governments who spy on their own people, Timothy McVeigh certainly could have been caught had the government been keeping tabs on him.
As for Buying Elections, it’s a terrible thing, but I’m skeptical of any industry that were to buy America. Would you want your government run by Apple, or Microsoft, or Motorola? The oil companies and big pharma wreaked their toll on us during the Bush years. Would tech companies be better stewards? They certainly couldn’t do worse for the American people.
increasing NASA’s budget at the expense of the defense industry would be a great idea, and would keep our faith in a war-free, money-free, Star Trek-like futurism.
Oh please, Silicon Valley is up to its eyeballs complicit in SA snooping and spying. It was corrupted long ago and profits mightily from it.